原创

基于Hadoop生态圈的数据仓库实践 —— 进阶技术(十四)

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本文链接:https://wxy0327.blog.csdn.net/article/details/52154160
十四、迟到的事实
        装载日期在生效日期后的事实就是迟到的事实。晚于订单日期进入源数据的销售订单可以看做是一个迟到事实的例子。销售订单被装载进其事实表时,装载的日期晚于销售订单的订单日期,因此是一个迟到的事实。(因为定期装载的是前一天的数据,所以这里的晚于指的是晚2天及其以上。)

        迟到事实影响周期快照事实表的装载,如进阶技术(五) “快照”中讨论的month_end_sales_order_fact表。例如,2016年6月的销售订单金额月底快照已经计算并存储在month_end_sales_order_fact表中,这时一个迟到的6月订单在7月10日被装载,那么2016年6月的快照金额必须因迟到事实而重新计算。

        本节说明当导入month_end_sales_order_fact表时如何处理迟到的销售订单。

1. 修改数据模式
        为了知道一个销售订单是否是迟到的,需要把销售订单数据源的登记日期装载进sales_order_fact表。因为现在还没有登记日期列,所以需要在事实表上添加此列。使用维度角色扮演技术添加登记日期,在销售订单事实表里添加名为entry_date_sk的日期代理键列,并且从日期维度表创建一个叫做entry_date_dim的数据库视图。下面的脚本创建entry_date_dim视图和销售订单事实表里的entry_date_sk代理键列。
USE dw;  
CREATE VIEW entry_date_dim (entry_date_sk , entry_date , month_name , month , quarter , year , promo_ind) 
AS  
SELECT date_sk,  
       date,  
       month_name,  
       month,  
       quarter,  
       year,  
       promo_ind 
  FROM date_dim;
  
alter table sales_order_fact rename to sales_order_fact_old;
create table sales_order_fact(                                                  
   order_number int COMMENT 'order number',                                       
   customer_sk int COMMENT 'customer surrogate key',                                 
   product_sk int COMMENT 'product surrogate key',   
   sales_order_attribute_sk int COMMENT 'sales order attribute surrogate key',  
   order_date_sk int COMMENT 'order date surrogate key',   
   entry_date_sk int COMMENT 'entry date surrogate key', 
   allocate_date_sk int COMMENT 'allocate date surrogate key',                       
   allocate_quantity int COMMENT 'allocate quantity',                                
   packing_date_sk int COMMENT 'packing date surrogate key',                         
   packing_quantity int COMMENT 'packing quantity',                                  
   ship_date_sk int COMMENT 'ship date surrogate key',                               
   ship_quantity int COMMENT 'ship quantity',                                        
   receive_date_sk int COMMENT 'receive date surrogate key',                         
   receive_quantity int COMMENT 'receive quantity',                                  
   request_delivery_date_sk int COMMENT 'request delivery date surrogate key',       
   order_amount decimal(10,2) COMMENT 'order amount',                                
   order_quantity int COMMENT 'order quantity')    
clustered by (order_number) into 8 buckets      
stored as orc tblproperties ('transactional'='true');  
insert into sales_order_fact
select order_number,  
       customer_sk,  
       product_sk,
       sales_order_attribute_sk,
       order_date_sk,
       null,
       allocate_date_sk,            
       allocate_quantity,                 
       packing_date_sk,                   
       packing_quantity,                         
       ship_date_sk,                       
       ship_quantity,                                
       receive_date_sk,              
       receive_quantity,               
       request_delivery_date_sk,
       order_amount,                           
       order_quantity
  from sales_order_fact_old;
drop table sales_order_fact_old;
2. 修改销售订单定期装载脚本
        创建完entry_date_dim视图,并给sales_order_fact表添加了entry_date_sk列以后,需要修改数据仓库定期装载脚本来包含登记日期。下面显示了修改后的regular_etl.sql 定期装载脚本。注意sales_order源数据表和过度表已经含有登记日期,只是以前没有将其装载进数据仓库。
-- 设置环境与时间窗口  
!run /root/set_time.sql   
    
-- 装载customer维度    
-- 设置已删除记录和地址相关列上SCD2的过期,用<=>运算符处理NULL值。    
UPDATE customer_dim     
   SET expiry_date = ${hivevar:pre_date}      
 WHERE customer_dim.customer_sk IN      
(SELECT a.customer_sk     
   FROM (SELECT customer_sk,    
                customer_number,    
                customer_street_address,    
                customer_zip_code,    
                customer_city,    
                customer_state,    
                shipping_address,    
                shipping_zip_code,    
                shipping_city,    
                shipping_state    
           FROM customer_dim WHERE expiry_date = ${hivevar:max_date}) a LEFT JOIN     
                rds.customer b ON a.customer_number = b.customer_number     
          WHERE b.customer_number IS NULL OR     
          (  !(a.customer_street_address <=> b.customer_street_address)    
          OR !(a.customer_zip_code <=> b.customer_zip_code)    
          OR !(a.customer_city <=> b.customer_city)    
          OR !(a.customer_state <=> b.customer_state)    
          OR !(a.shipping_address <=> b.shipping_address)    
          OR !(a.shipping_zip_code <=> b.shipping_zip_code)    
          OR !(a.shipping_city <=> b.shipping_city)    
          OR !(a.shipping_state <=> b.shipping_state)    
          ));     
    
-- 处理customer_street_addresses列上SCD2的新增行      
INSERT INTO customer_dim    
SELECT    
    ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY t1.customer_number) + t2.sk_max,    
    t1.customer_number,    
    t1.customer_name,    
    t1.customer_street_address,    
    t1.customer_zip_code,    
    t1.customer_city,    
    t1.customer_state,    
    t1.shipping_address,    
    t1.shipping_zip_code,    
    t1.shipping_city,    
    t1.shipping_state,    
    t1.version,    
    t1.effective_date,    
    t1.expiry_date    
FROM      
(      
SELECT      
    t2.customer_number customer_number,    
    t2.customer_name customer_name,    
    t2.customer_street_address customer_street_address,    
    t2.customer_zip_code customer_zip_code,    
    t2.customer_city customer_city,    
    t2.customer_state customer_state,    
    t2.shipping_address shipping_address,    
    t2.shipping_zip_code shipping_zip_code,    
    t2.shipping_city shipping_city,    
    t2.shipping_state shipping_state,    
    t1.version + 1 version,    
    ${hivevar:pre_date} effective_date,      
    ${hivevar:max_date} expiry_date      
 FROM customer_dim t1     
INNER JOIN rds.customer t2      
   ON t1.customer_number = t2.customer_number       
  AND t1.expiry_date = ${hivevar:pre_date}      
 LEFT JOIN customer_dim t3     
   ON t1.customer_number = t3.customer_number     
  AND t3.expiry_date = ${hivevar:max_date}      
WHERE (!(t1.customer_street_address <=> t2.customer_street_address)    
   OR  !(t1.customer_zip_code <=> t2.customer_zip_code)    
   OR  !(t1.customer_city <=> t2.customer_city)    
   OR  !(t1.customer_state <=> t2.customer_state)    
   OR  !(t1.shipping_address <=> t2.shipping_address)    
   OR  !(t1.shipping_zip_code <=> t2.shipping_zip_code)    
   OR  !(t1.shipping_city <=> t2.shipping_city)    
   OR  !(t1.shipping_state <=> t2.shipping_state)    
   )    
  AND t3.customer_sk IS NULL) t1      
CROSS JOIN      
(SELECT COALESCE(MAX(customer_sk),0) sk_max FROM customer_dim) t2;    
    
-- 处理customer_name列上的SCD1    
-- 因为hive的update的set子句还不支持子查询,所以这里使用了一个临时表存储需要更新的记录,用先delete再insert代替update    
-- 因为SCD1本身就不保存历史数据,所以这里更新维度表里的所有customer_name改变的记录,而不是仅仅更新当前版本的记录    
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS tmp;    
CREATE TABLE tmp AS    
SELECT    
    a.customer_sk,    
    a.customer_number,    
    b.customer_name,    
    a.customer_street_address,    
    a.customer_zip_code,    
    a.customer_city,    
    a.customer_state,    
    a.shipping_address,    
    a.shipping_zip_code,    
    a.shipping_city,    
    a.shipping_state,    
    a.version,    
    a.effective_date,    
    a.expiry_date    
  FROM customer_dim a, rds.customer b      
 WHERE a.customer_number = b.customer_number AND !(a.customer_name <=> b.customer_name);      
DELETE FROM customer_dim WHERE customer_dim.customer_sk IN (SELECT customer_sk FROM tmp);      
INSERT INTO customer_dim SELECT * FROM tmp;    
    
-- 处理新增的customer记录     
INSERT INTO customer_dim    
SELECT    
    ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY t1.customer_number) + t2.sk_max,    
    t1.customer_number,    
    t1.customer_name,    
    t1.customer_street_address,    
    t1.customer_zip_code,    
    t1.customer_city,    
    t1.customer_state,    
    t1.shipping_address,    
    t1.shipping_zip_code,    
    t1.shipping_city,    
    t1.shipping_state,    
    1,    
    ${hivevar:pre_date},    
    ${hivevar:max_date}    
FROM      
(      
SELECT t1.* FROM rds.customer t1 LEFT JOIN customer_dim t2 ON t1.customer_number = t2.customer_number      
 WHERE t2.customer_sk IS NULL) t1      
CROSS JOIN      
(SELECT COALESCE(MAX(customer_sk),0) sk_max FROM customer_dim) t2;    
    
-- 重载PA客户维度    
TRUNCATE TABLE pa_customer_dim;      
INSERT INTO pa_customer_dim      
SELECT      
  customer_sk      
, customer_number      
, customer_name      
, customer_street_address      
, customer_zip_code      
, customer_city      
, customer_state      
, shipping_address      
, shipping_zip_code      
, shipping_city      
, shipping_state      
, version      
, effective_date      
, expiry_date      
FROM customer_dim      
WHERE customer_state = 'PA' ;     
    
-- 装载product维度    
-- 设置已删除记录和product_name、product_category列上SCD2的过期    
UPDATE product_dim    
   SET expiry_date = ${hivevar:pre_date}      
 WHERE product_dim.product_sk IN      
(SELECT a.product_sk     
   FROM (SELECT product_sk,product_code,product_name,product_category     
           FROM product_dim WHERE expiry_date = ${hivevar:max_date}) a LEFT JOIN     
                rds.product b ON a.product_code = b.product_code     
          WHERE b.product_code IS NULL OR (a.product_name <> b.product_name OR a.product_category <> b.product_category));    
    
-- 处理product_name、product_category列上SCD2的新增行      
INSERT INTO product_dim    
SELECT    
    ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY t1.product_code) + t2.sk_max,    
    t1.product_code,    
    t1.product_name,    
    t1.product_category,    
    t1.version,    
    t1.effective_date,    
    t1.expiry_date    
FROM      
(      
SELECT      
    t2.product_code product_code,    
    t2.product_name product_name,    
    t2.product_category product_category,        
    t1.version + 1 version,    
    ${hivevar:pre_date} effective_date,      
    ${hivevar:max_date} expiry_date      
 FROM product_dim t1     
INNER JOIN rds.product t2      
   ON t1.product_code = t2.product_code      
  AND t1.expiry_date = ${hivevar:pre_date}      
 LEFT JOIN product_dim t3     
   ON t1.product_code = t3.product_code     
  AND t3.expiry_date = ${hivevar:max_date}      
WHERE (t1.product_name <> t2.product_name OR t1.product_category <> t2.product_category) AND t3.product_sk IS NULL) t1      
CROSS JOIN      
(SELECT COALESCE(MAX(product_sk),0) sk_max FROM product_dim) t2;    
    
-- 处理新增的product记录    
INSERT INTO product_dim    
SELECT    
    ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY t1.product_code) + t2.sk_max,    
    t1.product_code,    
    t1.product_name,    
    t1.product_category,    
    1,    
    ${hivevar:pre_date},    
    ${hivevar:max_date}    
FROM      
(      
SELECT t1.* FROM rds.product t1 LEFT JOIN product_dim t2 ON t1.product_code = t2.product_code      
 WHERE t2.product_sk IS NULL) t1      
CROSS JOIN      
(SELECT COALESCE(MAX(product_sk),0) sk_max FROM product_dim) t2;    

-- 装载product_count_fact表
insert overwrite table product_count_fact 
select product_sk,date_sk
  from (select a.product_sk product_sk,
               a.product_code product_code,
               b.date_sk date_sk,
               row_number() over (partition by a.product_code order by b.date_sk) rn
          from product_dim a,date_dim b
         where a.effective_date = b.date) t
 where rn = 1;
 
-- 装载销售订单事实表 
-- 前一天新增的销售订单   
INSERT INTO sales_order_fact    
SELECT    
    a.order_number,    
    customer_sk,    
    product_sk, 
    g.sales_order_attribute_sk,
    e.order_date_sk,
	h.entry_date_sk,
    null,
    null,
    null,
    null,
    null,
    null,
    null,
    null,
    f.request_delivery_date_sk,
    order_amount,    
    quantity    
  FROM    
    rds.sales_order a,     
    customer_dim c,    
    product_dim d,    
    order_date_dim e,  
    request_delivery_date_dim f, 
    sales_order_attribute_dim g,
	entry_date_dim h,
    rds.cdc_time i
 WHERE 
    a.order_status = 'N'
AND a.customer_number = c.customer_number    
AND a.status_date >= c.effective_date    
AND a.status_date < c.expiry_date    
AND a.product_code = d.product_code    
AND a.status_date >= d.effective_date    
AND a.status_date < d.expiry_date    
AND to_date(a.status_date) = e.order_date
AND to_date(a.entry_date) = h.entry_date   
AND to_date(a.request_delivery_date) = f.request_delivery_date
AND a.verification_ind = g.verification_ind  
AND a.credit_check_flag = g.credit_check_flag  
AND a.new_customer_ind = g.new_customer_ind  
AND a.web_order_flag = g.web_order_flag 
AND a.entry_date >= i.last_load AND a.entry_date < i.current_load ;    

-- 处理分配库房、打包、配送和收货四个状态
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS tmp;
CREATE TABLE tmp AS
select t0.order_number order_number,
       t0.customer_sk customer_sk,
       t0.product_sk product_sk,
       t0.sales_order_attribute_sk,
       t0.order_date_sk order_date_sk,
       t0.entry_date_sk entry_date_sk,
       t2.allocate_date_sk allocate_date_sk,
       t1.quantity allocate_quantity,
       t0.packing_date_sk packing_date_sk,
       t0.packing_quantity packing_quantity,
       t0.ship_date_sk ship_date_sk,
       t0.ship_quantity ship_quantity,
       t0.receive_date_sk receive_date_sk,
       t0.receive_quantity receive_quantity,
       t0.request_delivery_date_sk request_delivery_date_sk,
       t0.order_amount order_amount,
       t0.order_quantity order_quantity
  from sales_order_fact t0,
       rds.sales_order t1,
       allocate_date_dim t2,
       rds.cdc_time t4
 where t0.order_number = t1.order_number and t1.order_status = 'A' 
   and to_date(t1.status_date) = t2.allocate_date
   and t1.entry_date >= t4.last_load and t1.entry_date < t4.current_load;

DELETE FROM sales_order_fact WHERE sales_order_fact.order_number IN (SELECT order_number FROM tmp); 
INSERT INTO sales_order_fact SELECT * FROM tmp;

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS tmp;
CREATE TABLE tmp AS
select t0.order_number order_number,
       t0.customer_sk customer_sk,
       t0.product_sk product_sk,
       t0.sales_order_attribute_sk,
       t0.order_date_sk order_date_sk,
       t0.entry_date_sk entry_date_sk,
       t0.allocate_date_sk allocate_date_sk,
       t0.allocate_quantity allocate_quantity,
       t2.packing_date_sk packing_date_sk,
       t1.quantity packing_quantity,
       t0.ship_date_sk ship_date_sk,
       t0.ship_quantity ship_quantity,
       t0.receive_date_sk receive_date_sk,
       t0.receive_quantity receive_quantity,
       t0.request_delivery_date_sk request_delivery_date_sk,
       t0.order_amount order_amount,
       t0.order_quantity order_quantity
  from sales_order_fact t0,
       rds.sales_order t1,
       packing_date_dim t2,
       rds.cdc_time t4
 where t0.order_number = t1.order_number and t1.order_status = 'P' 
   and to_date(t1.status_date) = t2.packing_date
   and t1.entry_date >= t4.last_load and t1.entry_date < t4.current_load; 
   
DELETE FROM sales_order_fact WHERE sales_order_fact.order_number IN (SELECT order_number FROM tmp); 
INSERT INTO sales_order_fact SELECT * FROM tmp;

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS tmp;
CREATE TABLE tmp AS
select t0.order_number order_number,
       t0.customer_sk customer_sk,
       t0.product_sk product_sk,
       t0.sales_order_attribute_sk,
       t0.order_date_sk order_date_sk,
       t0.entry_date_sk entry_date_sk,
       t0.allocate_date_sk allocate_date_sk,
       t0.allocate_quantity allocate_quantity,
       t0.packing_date_sk packing_date_sk,
       t0.packing_quantity packing_quantity,
       t2.ship_date_sk ship_date_sk,
       t1.quantity ship_quantity,
       t0.receive_date_sk receive_date_sk,
       t0.receive_quantity receive_quantity,
       t0.request_delivery_date_sk request_delivery_date_sk,
       t0.order_amount order_amount,
       t0.order_quantity order_quantity
  from sales_order_fact t0,
       rds.sales_order t1,
       ship_date_dim t2,
       rds.cdc_time t4
 where t0.order_number = t1.order_number and t1.order_status = 'S' 
   and to_date(t1.status_date) = t2.ship_date
   and t1.entry_date >= t4.last_load and t1.entry_date < t4.current_load;
   
DELETE FROM sales_order_fact WHERE sales_order_fact.order_number IN (SELECT order_number FROM tmp); 
INSERT INTO sales_order_fact SELECT * FROM tmp;

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS tmp;
CREATE TABLE tmp AS
select t0.order_number order_number,
       t0.customer_sk customer_sk,
       t0.product_sk product_sk,
       t0.sales_order_attribute_sk,
       t0.order_date_sk order_date_sk,
       t0.entry_date_sk entry_date_sk,
       t0.allocate_date_sk allocate_date_sk,
       t0.allocate_quantity allocate_quantity,
       t0.packing_date_sk packing_date_sk,
       t0.packing_quantity packing_quantity,
       t0.ship_date_sk ship_date_sk,
       t0.ship_quantity ship_quantity,
       t2.receive_date_sk receive_date_sk,
       t1.quantity receive_quantity,
       t0.request_delivery_date_sk request_delivery_date_sk,
       t0.order_amount order_amount,
       t0.order_quantity order_quantity
  from sales_order_fact t0,
       rds.sales_order t1,
       receive_date_dim t2,
       rds.cdc_time t4
 where t0.order_number = t1.order_number and t1.order_status = 'R' 
   and to_date(t1.status_date) = t2.receive_date
   and t1.entry_date >= t4.last_load and t1.entry_date < t4.current_load;
   
DELETE FROM sales_order_fact WHERE sales_order_fact.order_number IN (SELECT order_number FROM tmp); 
INSERT INTO sales_order_fact SELECT * FROM tmp;

-- 更新时间戳表的last_load字段    
INSERT OVERWRITE TABLE rds.cdc_time SELECT current_load, current_load FROM rds.cdc_time;
3. 修改装载月底销售订单事实表脚本
        下面显示了修改后的month_sum.sql脚本,它有两部分。第一部分在具有相同产品和月份的现有销售订单行上增加新增的销售金额。第二部分处理没迟到的并且月底订单事实表中不存在销售订单或新增的非迟到的销售订单。
-- 设置变量以支持事务    
set hive.support.concurrency=true;    
set hive.exec.dynamic.partition.mode=nonstrict;    
set hive.txn.manager=org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.lockmgr.DbTxnManager;    
set hive.compactor.initiator.on=true;    
set hive.compactor.worker.threads=1;

USE dw;  

SET hivevar:pre_month_date = add_months(current_date,-1);  

drop table if exists tmp;
create table tmp as
select a.order_month_sk order_month_sk, 
       a.product_sk product_sk,
       a.month_order_amount + b.order_amount month_order_amount,
       a.month_order_quantity + b.order_quantity month_order_quantity
  from month_end_sales_order_fact a,
       (select d.month_sk month_sk,
               a.product_sk product_sk,
               sum(order_amount) order_amount,
               sum(order_quantity) order_quantity
          from sales_order_fact a,
               order_date_dim b,
               entry_date_dim c,
               month_dim d
         where a.order_date_sk = b.order_date_sk
           and a.entry_date_sk = c.entry_date_sk
           and c.month = month(${hivevar:pre_month_date}) 
           and c.year = year(${hivevar:pre_month_date})
           and b.month = d.month
           and b.order_date <> c.entry_date
         group by d.month_sk , a.product_sk) b
 where a.product_sk = b.product_sk
   and a.order_month_sk = b.month_sk;

delete from month_end_sales_order_fact 
 where exists (select 1 
                 from tmp t2 
                where month_end_sales_order_fact.order_month_sk = t2.order_month_sk 
                  and month_end_sales_order_fact.product_sk = t2.product_sk);
insert into month_end_sales_order_fact select * from tmp;  
   
insert into month_end_sales_order_fact
-- 正常的订单汇总(order_date = entry_date)
select b.month_sk, a.product_sk, sum(order_amount), sum(order_quantity)
  from sales_order_fact a,
       month_dim b,
       order_date_dim d,
       entry_date_dim c
 where a.order_date_sk = d.order_date_sk
   and a.entry_date_sk = c.entry_date_sk
   and b.month = d.month
   and b.year = d.year
   and c.month = month(${hivevar:pre_month_date}) 
   and c.year = year(${hivevar:pre_month_date})
   and d.order_date = c.entry_date
 group by b.month_sk, a.product_sk 
union all 
-- 迟到的事实,但尚不存在汇总数据
select d.month_sk, a.product_sk, sum(order_amount), sum(order_quantity)
  from sales_order_fact a,  
       order_date_dim b,  
       entry_date_dim c,  
       month_dim d
 where a.order_date_sk = b.order_date_sk 
   and a.entry_date_sk = c.entry_date_sk 
   and b.order_date <> c.entry_date
   and c.month = month(${hivevar:pre_month_date}) 
   and c.year = year(${hivevar:pre_month_date})
   and b.month = d.month
   and b.year = d.year
   and not exists (select 1 
                     from month_end_sales_order_fact p,
                          month_dim s 
                    where p.order_month_sk = s.month_sk
                      and s.month = d.month
                      and s.year = d.year
                      and p.product_sk = a.product_sk)
 group by d.month_sk , a.product_sk;
4. 测试
        本小节说明在执行定期装载脚本前必须的准备步骤。
        第一步是执行下面的SQL语句装载销售订单的登记日期。此SQL语句把销售订单的entry_date_sk修改为order_date_sk值。这些登记日期是后面测试月底快照导入所需要的。
UPDATE dw.sales_order_fact SET entry_date_sk = order_date_sk;
        在执行定期装载脚本前使用下面的语句查询month_end_sales_order_fact表。之后可以对比‘前’(不包含迟到事实)‘后’(包含了迟到事实)的数据,以确认装载的正确性。
use dw;
select year,
       month,
       product_name,
       month_order_amount amt,
       month_order_quantity qty
  from month_end_sales_order_fact a,
       month_dim b,
       product_dim c
 where a.order_month_sk = b.month_sk
   and a.product_sk = c.product_sk
cluster by year , month , product_name;
        查询结果如下图所示。

        为了对比‘前’‘后’日期,执行下面的语句查询sales_order_fact表。
use dw;
select a.product_sk,product_name,sum(order_amount)
  from sales_order_fact a, product_dim b
 where a.product_sk = b.product_sk
 group by a.product_sk,product_name
cluster by product_name;
        查询结果如下图所示。

        下一步执行下面的脚本准备销售订单测试数据。此脚本将三个销售订单装载进销售订单源数据,一个是迟到的在month_end_sales_order_fact中已存在的产品,一个是迟到的在month_end_sales_order_fact中不存在的产品,另一个是非迟到的正常产品。这里需要注意,产品维度是SCD2处理的,所以在添加销售订单时,新增订单时间一定要在产品维度的生效与过期时间区间内。
USE source;  

-- 迟到已存在
SET @order_date := from_unixtime(unix_timestamp('2016-06-25') + rand() * (unix_timestamp('2016-06-26') - unix_timestamp('2016-06-25')));    
SET @entry_date := from_unixtime(unix_timestamp('2016-07-26') + rand() * (unix_timestamp('2016-07-27') - unix_timestamp('2016-07-26')));    
SET @amount := floor(1000 + rand() * 9000);   
SET @quantity := floor(10 + rand() * 90);   
INSERT INTO sales_order VALUES  
  (null, 141, 6, 2, 'Y', 'Y', 'Y', 'N', @order_date, 'N', '2016-06-30',  
       @entry_date, @amount, @quantity);

-- 迟到不存在
SET @order_date := from_unixtime(unix_timestamp('2016-06-26') + rand() * (unix_timestamp('2016-06-27') - unix_timestamp('2016-06-26')));    
SET @entry_date := from_unixtime(unix_timestamp('2016-07-26') + rand() * (unix_timestamp('2016-07-27') - unix_timestamp('2016-07-26')));    
SET @amount := floor(1000 + rand() * 9000);   
SET @quantity := floor(10 + rand() * 90); 
INSERT INTO sales_order VALUES
  (null, 142, 6, 3, 'Y', 'Y', 'Y', 'N', @order_date, 'N', '2016-06-30',  
       @entry_date, @amount, @quantity); 

-- 非迟到
SET @order_date := from_unixtime(unix_timestamp('2016-07-26') + rand() * (unix_timestamp('2016-07-27') - unix_timestamp('2016-07-26')));    
SET @amount := floor(1000 + rand() * 9000);   
SET @quantity := floor(10 + rand() * 90); 
INSERT INTO sales_order VALUES
  (null, 143, 12, 4, 'Y', 'N', 'Y', 'N', @order_date, 'N', '2016-07-30',  
       @order_date, @amount, @quantity); 

COMMIT;
        新增订单数据如下图所示。

        在执行新的月底销售订单定期装载脚本前,必须先把两条新的销售订装载进sales_order_fact表。使用下面的SQL命令修改时间窗口。
INSERT OVERWRITE TABLE rds.cdc_time SELECT '2016-07-26', '2016-07-26' FROM rds.cdc_time;
        将set_time.sql文件中的SET hivevar:cur_date = CURRENT_DATE();行改为SET hivevar:cur_date = '2016-07-27';后执行定期装载。
./regular_etl.sh
        现在已经准备好运行修改后的月底快照装载。执行下面的命令执行月底销售订单事实表装载脚本导入2016年7月的快照。
beeline -u jdbc:hive2://cdh2:10000/dw -f month_sum.sql
        最后,执行相同的查询获取包含了迟到事实月底销售订单数据
use dw;
select year,
       month,
       product_name,
       month_order_amount amt,
       month_order_quantity qty
  from month_end_sales_order_fact a,
       month_dim b,
       product_dim c
 where a.order_month_sk = b.month_sk
   and a.product_sk = c.product_sk
cluster by year , month , product_name;

        查询结果如下图所示。


         对比‘前’‘后’查询的结果可以看到:
  • 2016年6月Floppy Drive的销售金额已经从47810变为55060,这是由于迟到的产品销售订单增加了7250的销售金额。
  • 2016年6月的LCD Panel(也是迟到的产品)被添加。
  • 所有2016年7月的销售订单被累加。包括刚添加的Keyboard Drive销售订单(46082 = 41657 + 4425)。
        至此测试完成,将set_time.sql文件中的SET hivevar:cur_date = CURRENT_DATE();行还原。
文章最后发布于: 2016-08-08 18:12:57
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