原创

基于hadoop生态圈的数据仓库实践 —— 进阶技术(十五)

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本文链接:https://wxy0327.blog.csdn.net/article/details/52165035
十五、维度合并
        随着数据仓库中维度的增加,我们会发现有些通用的数据存在于多个维度中。例如,客户维度的客户地址相关信息、送货地址相关信息和工厂维度里都有邮编、城市和州。本节说明如何把三个维度里的邮编相关信息合并到一个新的维度。

1. 修改数据仓库模式
        为了合并维度,需要改变数据仓库模式。下图显示了修改后的模式。新增了一个zip_code_dim表,sales_order_fact和production_fact表的结构也做了相应的修改。注意图中只显示了与邮编维度相关的表。

        zip_code_dim表与两个事实表相关联。这些关系替换了这两个事实表与客户维度、工厂维度的关系。sales_order_fact表需要两个关系,一个关联到客户地址邮编,另一个关联到送货地址邮编。与production_fact表只有一个关系,所以在这个事实表里只增加了工厂地址邮编代理键。

        下面的脚本用于修改数据仓库模式,所做的修改如下。
  • 创建邮编维度表zip_code_dim。
  • 初始装载邮编相关数据
  • 基于zip_code_dim表创建customer_zip_code_dim和shipping_zip_code_dim视图。
  • 在sales_order_fact表上增加customer_zip_code_sk和shipping_zip_code_sk列。
  • 基于已有的客户邮编和送货邮编初始装载两个邮编代理键
  • 在customer_dim表上删除客户和送货邮编及其它们的城市和州列。
  • 在pa_customer_dim上删除客户的城市、州和邮编列。
  • 基于zip_code_dim表创建factory_zip_code_dim视图。
  • 给production_fact表增加factory_zip_code_sk列。
  • 从现有的工厂邮编装载factory_zip_code_sk值。
  • 在factory_dim表上删除工厂编码及其它们的城市和州列。
use dw;  

-- 建立地址维度表  
create table zip_code_dim (  
    zip_code_sk int,  
    zip_code int,  
    city varchar(30),  
    state varchar(2),  
    version int,  
    effective_date date,  
    expiry_date date  
)
clustered by (zip_code_sk) into 8 buckets        
stored as orc tblproperties ('transactional'='true'); 
  
-- 初始装载邮编相关数据  
insert into zip_code_dim values (1,17050,'pittsburgh','PA',1,'1900-01-01','2200-01-01');  
insert into zip_code_dim values (2,17051,'mc veytown','PA',1,'1900-01-01','2200-01-01');  
insert into zip_code_dim values (3,17052,'mapleton depot','PA',1,'1900-01-01','2200-01-01');  
insert into zip_code_dim values (4,17053,'marysville','PA',1,'1900-01-01','2200-01-01');  
insert into zip_code_dim values (5,17054,'mattawana','PA',1,'1900-01-01','2200-01-01');  
insert into zip_code_dim values (6,17055,'mechanicsburg','PA',1,'1900-01-01','2200-01-01');  
insert into zip_code_dim values (7,44102,'cleveland','OH',1,'1900-01-01','2200-01-01');  
  
-- 创建视图  
create view customer_zip_code_dim (customer_zip_code_sk , customer_zip_code , customer_city , customer_state , version , effective_date , expiry_date) as  
    select   
        zip_code_sk,  
        zip_code,  
        city,  
        state,  
        version,  
        effective_date,  
        expiry_date  
    from  
        zip_code_dim;  
  
create view shipping_zip_code_dim (shipping_zip_code_sk , shipping_zip_code , shipping_city , shipping_state , version , effective_date , expiry_date) as  
    select   
        zip_code_sk,  
        zip_code,  
        city,  
        state,  
        version,  
        effective_date,  
        expiry_date  
    from  
        zip_code_dim;  
  
-- 添加邮编代理键 
alter table sales_order_fact rename to sales_order_fact_old;
create table sales_order_fact(                                                    
   order_number int COMMENT 'order number',                                         
   customer_sk int COMMENT 'customer surrogate key',
   customer_zip_code_sk int COMMENT 'customer zip code sk',
   shipping_zip_code_sk int COMMENT 'shipping zip code sk',
   product_sk int COMMENT 'product surrogate key',     
   sales_order_attribute_sk int COMMENT 'sales order attribute surrogate key',    
   order_date_sk int COMMENT 'order date surrogate key',     
   entry_date_sk int COMMENT 'entry date surrogate key',   
   allocate_date_sk int COMMENT 'allocate date surrogate key',                         
   allocate_quantity int COMMENT 'allocate quantity',                                  
   packing_date_sk int COMMENT 'packing date surrogate key',                           
   packing_quantity int COMMENT 'packing quantity',                                    
   ship_date_sk int COMMENT 'ship date surrogate key',                                 
   ship_quantity int COMMENT 'ship quantity',                                          
   receive_date_sk int COMMENT 'receive date surrogate key',                           
   receive_quantity int COMMENT 'receive quantity',                                    
   request_delivery_date_sk int COMMENT 'request delivery date surrogate key',         
   order_amount decimal(10,2) COMMENT 'order amount',                                  
   order_quantity int COMMENT 'order quantity')      
clustered by (order_number) into 8 buckets        
stored as orc tblproperties ('transactional'='true');   
insert into sales_order_fact  
select order_number,    
       customer_sk, 
       null,
       null,
       product_sk,  
       sales_order_attribute_sk,  
       order_date_sk,  
       entry_date_sk,  
       allocate_date_sk,              
       allocate_quantity,                   
       packing_date_sk,                     
       packing_quantity,                           
       ship_date_sk,                         
       ship_quantity,                                  
       receive_date_sk,                
       receive_quantity,                 
       request_delivery_date_sk,  
       order_amount,                             
       order_quantity  
  from sales_order_fact_old;  
drop table sales_order_fact_old;  
  
-- 初始装载两个邮编代理键
drop table if exists tmp;
create table tmp as 
select t1.order_number,    
       t1.customer_sk, 
       t2.customer_zip_code_sk,
       t3.shipping_zip_code_sk,
       t1.product_sk,  
       t1.sales_order_attribute_sk,  
       t1.order_date_sk,  
       t1.entry_date_sk,  
       t1.allocate_date_sk,              
       t1.allocate_quantity,                   
       t1.packing_date_sk,                     
       t1.packing_quantity,                           
       t1.ship_date_sk,                         
       t1.ship_quantity,                                  
       t1.receive_date_sk,                
       t1.receive_quantity,                 
       t1.request_delivery_date_sk,  
       t1.order_amount,                             
       t1.order_quantity
  from sales_order_fact t1 
  left join
(select a.order_number order_number,c.customer_zip_code_sk customer_zip_code_sk
  from sales_order_fact a,
       customer_dim b,
       customer_zip_code_dim c
 where a.customer_sk = b.customer_sk
   and b.customer_zip_code = c.customer_zip_code) t2 on t1.order_number = t2.order_number
  left join
(select a.order_number order_number,c.shipping_zip_code_sk shipping_zip_code_sk
  from sales_order_fact a,
       customer_dim b,
       shipping_zip_code_dim c
 where a.customer_sk = b.customer_sk
   and b.shipping_zip_code = c.shipping_zip_code) t3 on t1.order_number = t3.order_number;
delete from sales_order_fact where sales_order_fact.order_number in (select order_number from tmp);
insert into sales_order_fact select * from tmp;

alter table customer_dim rename to customer_dim_old;
create table customer_dim 
(customer_sk int COMMENT 'surrogate key',
 customer_number int COMMENT 'number',
 customer_name varchar(50) COMMENT 'name',
 customer_street_address varchar(50) COMMENT 'address',
 shipping_address varchar(50) COMMENT 'shipping_address',
 version int COMMENT 'version',
 effective_date date COMMENT 'effective date',
 expiry_date date COMMENT 'expiry date')   
clustered by (customer_sk) into 8 buckets        
stored as orc tblproperties ('transactional'='true');
insert into customer_dim
select customer_sk,
       customer_number,
       customer_name,
       customer_street_address,
       shipping_address,
       version,
       effective_date,
       expiry_date
  from customer_dim_old;
drop table customer_dim_old;
 
alter table pa_customer_dim rename to pa_customer_dim_old;
create table pa_customer_dim
(customer_sk int,
 customer_number int,
 customer_name varchar(50),
 customer_street_address varchar(50),
 shipping_address varchar(50),
 version int,
 effective_date date,
 expiry_date date)
clustered by (customer_sk) into 8 buckets        
stored as orc tblproperties ('transactional'='true');
insert into pa_customer_dim
select customer_sk,
       customer_number,
       customer_name,
       customer_street_address,
       shipping_address,
       version,
       effective_date,
       expiry_date
  from pa_customer_dim_old;
drop table pa_customer_dim_old;

-- 创建视图  
create view factory_zip_code_dim (factory_zip_code_sk , factory_zip_code , factory_city , factory_state , version,effective_date , expiry_date) as  
    select   
        zip_code_sk,  
        zip_code,  
        city,  
        state,  
        version,  
        effective_date,  
        expiry_date  
    from  
        zip_code_dim;  
  
alter table production_fact rename to production_fact_old;
create table production_fact
(product_sk int,
 production_date_sk int,
 factory_sk int, 
 factory_zip_code_sk int,
 production_quantity int);
-- 初始装载邮编代理键
insert into production_fact
select a.product_sk,
       a.production_date_sk,
       a.factory_sk,
       c.factory_zip_code_sk,
       a.production_quantity
  from production_fact_old a, 
       factory_dim b,
       factory_zip_code_dim c
 where a.factory_sk = b.factory_sk
   and b.factory_zip_code = c.factory_zip_code;
drop table production_fact_old;   
	   
-- 在factory_dim表上删除工厂编码及其它们的城市和州列  
alter table factory_dim rename to factory_dim_old;
create table factory_dim 
(factory_sk int,
 factory_code int,
 factory_name varchar(30),
 factory_street_address varchar(50),
 version int,
 effective_date date,
 expiry_date date)
clustered by (factory_sk) into 8 buckets        
stored as orc tblproperties ('transactional'='true');
insert into factory_dim 
select factory_sk,
       factory_code,
       factory_name,
       factory_street_address,
       version,
       effective_date,
       expiry_date
  from factory_dim_old;
drop table factory_dim_old;
        执行完修改数据仓库模式的脚本后,可以查询customer_zip_code_dim、shipping_code_dim、factory_zip_code_dim维度表和sales_order_fact、production_fact事实表,确认邮编已经被成功分离。

2. 修改定期装载脚本
        定期装载有三个地方的修改:
  • 删除客户维度装载里所有邮编信息相关的列,因为客户维度里不再有客户邮编和送货邮编相关信息。
  • 在事实表中引用客户邮编视图和送货邮编视图中的代理键。
  • 修改pa_customer_dim装载,因为需要从销售订单事实表的customer_zip_code_sk获取客户邮编。
        修改后的regular_etl.sql脚本如下所示。
-- 设置环境与时间窗口  
!run /root/set_time.sql   
    
-- 装载customer维度    
-- 设置已删除记录和地址相关列上SCD2的过期,用<=>运算符处理NULL值。    
UPDATE customer_dim     
   SET expiry_date = ${hivevar:pre_date}      
 WHERE customer_dim.customer_sk IN      
(SELECT a.customer_sk     
   FROM (SELECT customer_sk,    
                customer_number,    
                customer_street_address,    
                shipping_address                   
           FROM customer_dim WHERE expiry_date = ${hivevar:max_date}) a LEFT JOIN     
                rds.customer b ON a.customer_number = b.customer_number     
          WHERE b.customer_number IS NULL OR     
          (  !(a.customer_street_address <=> b.customer_street_address)    
          OR !(a.shipping_address <=> b.shipping_address)    
          ));     
    
-- 处理customer_street_addresses列上SCD2的新增行      
INSERT INTO customer_dim    
SELECT    
    ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY t1.customer_number) + t2.sk_max,    
    t1.customer_number,    
    t1.customer_name,    
    t1.customer_street_address,    
    t1.shipping_address,    
    t1.version,    
    t1.effective_date,    
    t1.expiry_date    
FROM      
(      
SELECT      
    t2.customer_number customer_number,    
    t2.customer_name customer_name,    
    t2.customer_street_address customer_street_address,    
    t2.shipping_address shipping_address,    
    t1.version + 1 version,    
    ${hivevar:pre_date} effective_date,      
    ${hivevar:max_date} expiry_date      
 FROM customer_dim t1     
INNER JOIN rds.customer t2      
   ON t1.customer_number = t2.customer_number       
  AND t1.expiry_date = ${hivevar:pre_date}      
 LEFT JOIN customer_dim t3     
   ON t1.customer_number = t3.customer_number     
  AND t3.expiry_date = ${hivevar:max_date}      
WHERE (!(t1.customer_street_address <=> t2.customer_street_address)    
   OR  !(t1.shipping_address <=> t2.shipping_address)    
   )    
  AND t3.customer_sk IS NULL) t1      
CROSS JOIN      
(SELECT COALESCE(MAX(customer_sk),0) sk_max FROM customer_dim) t2;    
    
-- 处理customer_name列上的SCD1    
-- 因为hive的update的set子句还不支持子查询,所以这里使用了一个临时表存储需要更新的记录,用先delete再insert代替update    
-- 因为SCD1本身就不保存历史数据,所以这里更新维度表里的所有customer_name改变的记录,而不是仅仅更新当前版本的记录    
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS tmp;    
CREATE TABLE tmp AS    
SELECT    
    a.customer_sk,    
    a.customer_number,    
    b.customer_name,    
    a.customer_street_address,    
    a.shipping_address,    
    a.version,    
    a.effective_date,    
    a.expiry_date    
  FROM customer_dim a, rds.customer b      
 WHERE a.customer_number = b.customer_number AND !(a.customer_name <=> b.customer_name);      
DELETE FROM customer_dim WHERE customer_dim.customer_sk IN (SELECT customer_sk FROM tmp);      
INSERT INTO customer_dim SELECT * FROM tmp;    
    
-- 处理新增的customer记录     
INSERT INTO customer_dim    
SELECT    
    ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY t1.customer_number) + t2.sk_max,    
    t1.customer_number,    
    t1.customer_name,    
    t1.customer_street_address,    
    t1.shipping_address,    
    1,    
    ${hivevar:pre_date},    
    ${hivevar:max_date}    
FROM      
(      
SELECT t1.* FROM rds.customer t1 LEFT JOIN customer_dim t2 ON t1.customer_number = t2.customer_number      
 WHERE t2.customer_sk IS NULL) t1      
CROSS JOIN      
(SELECT COALESCE(MAX(customer_sk),0) sk_max FROM customer_dim) t2;    
    
-- 装载product维度    
-- 设置已删除记录和product_name、product_category列上SCD2的过期    
UPDATE product_dim    
   SET expiry_date = ${hivevar:pre_date}      
 WHERE product_dim.product_sk IN      
(SELECT a.product_sk     
   FROM (SELECT product_sk,product_code,product_name,product_category     
           FROM product_dim WHERE expiry_date = ${hivevar:max_date}) a LEFT JOIN     
                rds.product b ON a.product_code = b.product_code     
          WHERE b.product_code IS NULL OR (a.product_name <> b.product_name OR a.product_category <> b.product_category));    
    
-- 处理product_name、product_category列上SCD2的新增行      
INSERT INTO product_dim    
SELECT    
    ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY t1.product_code) + t2.sk_max,    
    t1.product_code,    
    t1.product_name,    
    t1.product_category,    
    t1.version,    
    t1.effective_date,    
    t1.expiry_date    
FROM      
(      
SELECT      
    t2.product_code product_code,    
    t2.product_name product_name,    
    t2.product_category product_category,        
    t1.version + 1 version,    
    ${hivevar:pre_date} effective_date,      
    ${hivevar:max_date} expiry_date      
 FROM product_dim t1     
INNER JOIN rds.product t2      
   ON t1.product_code = t2.product_code      
  AND t1.expiry_date = ${hivevar:pre_date}      
 LEFT JOIN product_dim t3     
   ON t1.product_code = t3.product_code     
  AND t3.expiry_date = ${hivevar:max_date}      
WHERE (t1.product_name <> t2.product_name OR t1.product_category <> t2.product_category) AND t3.product_sk IS NULL) t1      
CROSS JOIN      
(SELECT COALESCE(MAX(product_sk),0) sk_max FROM product_dim) t2;    
    
-- 处理新增的product记录    
INSERT INTO product_dim    
SELECT    
    ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY t1.product_code) + t2.sk_max,    
    t1.product_code,    
    t1.product_name,    
    t1.product_category,    
    1,    
    ${hivevar:pre_date},    
    ${hivevar:max_date}    
FROM      
(      
SELECT t1.* FROM rds.product t1 LEFT JOIN product_dim t2 ON t1.product_code = t2.product_code      
 WHERE t2.product_sk IS NULL) t1      
CROSS JOIN      
(SELECT COALESCE(MAX(product_sk),0) sk_max FROM product_dim) t2;    

-- 装载product_count_fact表
insert overwrite table product_count_fact 
select product_sk,date_sk
  from (select a.product_sk product_sk,
               a.product_code product_code,
               b.date_sk date_sk,
               row_number() over (partition by a.product_code order by b.date_sk) rn
          from product_dim a,date_dim b
         where a.effective_date = b.date) t
 where rn = 1;
 
-- 装载销售订单事实表 
-- 前一天新增的销售订单   
INSERT INTO sales_order_fact    
SELECT    
    a.order_number,    
    customer_sk,
    i.customer_zip_code_sk,  
    j.shipping_zip_code_sk,    
    product_sk, 
    g.sales_order_attribute_sk,
    e.order_date_sk,
	h.entry_date_sk,
    null,
    null,
    null,
    null,
    null,
    null,
    null,
    null,
    f.request_delivery_date_sk,
    order_amount,    
    quantity    
  FROM    
    rds.sales_order a,     
    customer_dim c,    
    product_dim d,    
    order_date_dim e,  
    request_delivery_date_dim f, 
    sales_order_attribute_dim g,
    entry_date_dim h,
    customer_zip_code_dim i,  
    shipping_zip_code_dim j,  
    rds.customer k, 
    rds.cdc_time l
 WHERE 
    a.order_status = 'N'
AND a.customer_number = c.customer_number    
AND a.status_date >= c.effective_date    
AND a.status_date < c.expiry_date 
AND a.customer_number = k.customer_number  
AND k.customer_zip_code = i.customer_zip_code  
AND a.status_date >= i.effective_date  
AND a.status_date <= i.expiry_date  
AND k.shipping_zip_code = j.shipping_zip_code  
AND a.status_date >= j.effective_date  
AND a.status_date <= j.expiry_date    
AND a.product_code = d.product_code    
AND a.status_date >= d.effective_date    
AND a.status_date < d.expiry_date    
AND to_date(a.status_date) = e.order_date
AND to_date(a.entry_date) = h.entry_date   
AND to_date(a.request_delivery_date) = f.request_delivery_date
AND a.verification_ind = g.verification_ind  
AND a.credit_check_flag = g.credit_check_flag  
AND a.new_customer_ind = g.new_customer_ind  
AND a.web_order_flag = g.web_order_flag 
AND a.entry_date >= l.last_load AND a.entry_date < l.current_load ;    

-- 重载PA客户维度    
TRUNCATE TABLE pa_customer_dim;      
INSERT INTO pa_customer_dim      
SELECT DISTINCT a.*            
  FROM customer_dim a,
       sales_order_fact b,
       customer_zip_code_dim c	 
 WHERE c.customer_state = 'PA' 
   AND b.customer_zip_code_sk = c.customer_zip_code_sk
   AND a.customer_sk = b.customer_sk;

-- 处理分配库房、打包、配送和收货四个状态
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS tmp;
CREATE TABLE tmp AS
select t0.order_number order_number,
       t0.customer_sk customer_sk,
       t0.customer_zip_code_sk,
       t0.shipping_zip_code_sk,
       t0.product_sk product_sk,
       t0.sales_order_attribute_sk,
       t0.order_date_sk order_date_sk,
       t0.entry_date_sk entry_date_sk,
       t2.allocate_date_sk allocate_date_sk,
       t1.quantity allocate_quantity,
       t0.packing_date_sk packing_date_sk,
       t0.packing_quantity packing_quantity,
       t0.ship_date_sk ship_date_sk,
       t0.ship_quantity ship_quantity,
       t0.receive_date_sk receive_date_sk,
       t0.receive_quantity receive_quantity,
       t0.request_delivery_date_sk request_delivery_date_sk,
       t0.order_amount order_amount,
       t0.order_quantity order_quantity
  from sales_order_fact t0,
       rds.sales_order t1,
       allocate_date_dim t2,
       rds.cdc_time t4
 where t0.order_number = t1.order_number and t1.order_status = 'A' 
   and to_date(t1.status_date) = t2.allocate_date
   and t1.entry_date >= t4.last_load and t1.entry_date < t4.current_load;

DELETE FROM sales_order_fact WHERE sales_order_fact.order_number IN (SELECT order_number FROM tmp); 
INSERT INTO sales_order_fact SELECT * FROM tmp;

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS tmp;
CREATE TABLE tmp AS
select t0.order_number order_number,
       t0.customer_sk customer_sk,
       t0.customer_zip_code_sk,
       t0.shipping_zip_code_sk,
       t0.product_sk product_sk,
       t0.sales_order_attribute_sk,
       t0.order_date_sk order_date_sk,
       t0.entry_date_sk entry_date_sk,
       t0.allocate_date_sk allocate_date_sk,
       t0.allocate_quantity allocate_quantity,
       t2.packing_date_sk packing_date_sk,
       t1.quantity packing_quantity,
       t0.ship_date_sk ship_date_sk,
       t0.ship_quantity ship_quantity,
       t0.receive_date_sk receive_date_sk,
       t0.receive_quantity receive_quantity,
       t0.request_delivery_date_sk request_delivery_date_sk,
       t0.order_amount order_amount,
       t0.order_quantity order_quantity
  from sales_order_fact t0,
       rds.sales_order t1,
       packing_date_dim t2,
       rds.cdc_time t4
 where t0.order_number = t1.order_number and t1.order_status = 'P' 
   and to_date(t1.status_date) = t2.packing_date
   and t1.entry_date >= t4.last_load and t1.entry_date < t4.current_load; 
   
DELETE FROM sales_order_fact WHERE sales_order_fact.order_number IN (SELECT order_number FROM tmp); 
INSERT INTO sales_order_fact SELECT * FROM tmp;

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS tmp;
CREATE TABLE tmp AS
select t0.order_number order_number,
       t0.customer_sk customer_sk,
       t0.customer_zip_code_sk,
       t0.shipping_zip_code_sk,
       t0.product_sk product_sk,
       t0.sales_order_attribute_sk,
       t0.order_date_sk order_date_sk,
       t0.entry_date_sk entry_date_sk,
       t0.allocate_date_sk allocate_date_sk,
       t0.allocate_quantity allocate_quantity,
       t0.packing_date_sk packing_date_sk,
       t0.packing_quantity packing_quantity,
       t2.ship_date_sk ship_date_sk,
       t1.quantity ship_quantity,
       t0.receive_date_sk receive_date_sk,
       t0.receive_quantity receive_quantity,
       t0.request_delivery_date_sk request_delivery_date_sk,
       t0.order_amount order_amount,
       t0.order_quantity order_quantity
  from sales_order_fact t0,
       rds.sales_order t1,
       ship_date_dim t2,
       rds.cdc_time t4
 where t0.order_number = t1.order_number and t1.order_status = 'S' 
   and to_date(t1.status_date) = t2.ship_date
   and t1.entry_date >= t4.last_load and t1.entry_date < t4.current_load;
   
DELETE FROM sales_order_fact WHERE sales_order_fact.order_number IN (SELECT order_number FROM tmp); 
INSERT INTO sales_order_fact SELECT * FROM tmp;

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS tmp;
CREATE TABLE tmp AS
select t0.order_number order_number,
       t0.customer_sk customer_sk,
       t0.customer_zip_code_sk,
       t0.shipping_zip_code_sk,
       t0.product_sk product_sk,
       t0.sales_order_attribute_sk,
       t0.order_date_sk order_date_sk,
       t0.entry_date_sk entry_date_sk,
       t0.allocate_date_sk allocate_date_sk,
       t0.allocate_quantity allocate_quantity,
       t0.packing_date_sk packing_date_sk,
       t0.packing_quantity packing_quantity,
       t0.ship_date_sk ship_date_sk,
       t0.ship_quantity ship_quantity,
       t2.receive_date_sk receive_date_sk,
       t1.quantity receive_quantity,
       t0.request_delivery_date_sk request_delivery_date_sk,
       t0.order_amount order_amount,
       t0.order_quantity order_quantity
  from sales_order_fact t0,
       rds.sales_order t1,
       receive_date_dim t2,
       rds.cdc_time t4
 where t0.order_number = t1.order_number and t1.order_status = 'R' 
   and to_date(t1.status_date) = t2.receive_date
   and t1.entry_date >= t4.last_load and t1.entry_date < t4.current_load;
   
DELETE FROM sales_order_fact WHERE sales_order_fact.order_number IN (SELECT order_number FROM tmp); 
INSERT INTO sales_order_fact SELECT * FROM tmp;

-- 更新时间戳表的last_load字段    
INSERT OVERWRITE TABLE rds.cdc_time SELECT current_load, current_load FROM rds.cdc_time;

3. 测试修改后的定期装载
        执行修改后的定期装载脚本前,需要做一些准备工作。首先对源数据的客户信息做以下两处修改:
  • 客户编号4的客户和送货邮编从17050改为17055
  • 新增一个编号15的客户
        使用下面的语句进行修改:
update source.customer 
   set customer_street_address = '9999 Louise Dr.',
       customer_zip_code = 17055, 
       customer_city = 'Pittsburgh',
       shipping_address = '9999 Louise Dr.',
       shipping_zip_code = 17055,
       shipping_city = 'Pittsburgh'
 where customer_number = 4;

insert into source.customer 
values(15, 'Super Stores', '1000 Woodland St.', 17055, 'Pittsburgh', 'PA', '1000 Woodland St.', 17055, 'Pittsburgh', 'PA');

COMMIT;
        现在在装载新的客户数据前查询最后的客户和送货邮编。后面可以用改变后的信息和此查询的输出作对比。查询语句如下。
use dw;
SELECT order_date_sk odsk,
       customer_number cn,
       customer_zip_code czc,
       shipping_zip_code szc
  FROM customer_zip_code_dim a,
       shipping_zip_code_dim b,
       sales_order_fact c,
       customer_dim d
 WHERE a.customer_zip_code_sk = c.customer_zip_code_sk
   AND b.shipping_zip_code_sk = c.shipping_zip_code_sk
   AND d.customer_sk = c.customer_sk;
        然后使用下面的语句新增两条销售订单。
SET @order_date := from_unixtime(unix_timestamp('2016-08-08 00:00:01') + rand() * (unix_timestamp('2016-08-08 12:00:00') - unix_timestamp('2016-08-08 00:00:01')));      
SET @amount := floor(1000 + rand() * 9000);     
SET @quantity := floor(10 + rand() * 90);  

INSERT INTO source.sales_order VALUES
  (null, 144, 4, 3, 'Y', 'Y', 'Y', 'N',  @order_date, 'N', '2016-08-10',
        @order_date, @amount, @quantity);
		
SET @order_date := from_unixtime(unix_timestamp('2016-08-08 12:00:00') + rand() * (unix_timestamp('2016-08-09 00:00:00') - unix_timestamp('2016-08-08 12:00:00')));      
SET @amount := floor(1000 + rand() * 9000);     
SET @quantity := floor(10 + rand() * 90);  

INSERT INTO source.sales_order VALUES
  (null, 145, 15, 4, 'Y', 'N', 'Y', 'N', @order_date, 'N', '2016-08-10',
       @order_date, @amount, @quantity);
commit;
        使用下面的SQL命令修改时间窗口。
INSERT OVERWRITE TABLE rds.cdc_time SELECT '2016-08-08', '2016-08-08' FROM rds.cdc_time;
        执行下面的命令定期装载。
./regular_etl.sh
        查询customer_dim表,确认两个改变的客户,即编号4和15的客户,已经正确装载。
select customer_sk csk,
       customer_number cnum,
       customer_name cnam,
       customer_street_address csd,
       shipping_address sd,
       version,
       effective_date,
       expiry_date
  from dw.customer_dim 
 where customer_number in (4, 15);
        查询结果如下图所示。


        查询sales_order_fact表里的两条新销售订单,确认邮编已经正确装载。
use dw;
select a.order_number onum,
       f.customer_number cnum,
       b.customer_zip_code czc,
       c.shipping_zip_code szc,
       g.product_code pc,
       d.order_date od,
       e.entry_date ed,
       a.order_amount,
       a.order_quantity
  from sales_order_fact a,
       customer_zip_code_dim b,
       shipping_zip_code_dim c,
       order_date_dim d,
       entry_date_dim e,
       customer_dim f,
       product_dim g
 where a.order_number IN (144, 145)
   and a.customer_sk = f.customer_sk
   and a.product_sk = g.product_sk
   and a.customer_zip_code_sk = b.customer_zip_code_sk
   and a.shipping_zip_code_sk = c.shipping_zip_code_sk
   and a.order_date_sk = d.order_date_sk
   and a.entry_date_sk = e.entry_date_sk;
        查询结果如下图所示。

        查询pa_customer_dim表,确认PA客户正确装载。
select customer_sk csk,
       customer_number cnum,
       customer_name cnam,
       customer_street_address csa,
       shipping_address sad,
       version,
       effective_date,
       expiry_date
  from dw.pa_customer_dim;
        查询结果如下图所示。

4. 修改产品定期装载
        类似于对定期数据仓库装载的修改,需要删除工厂维度导入里所有与邮编相关的列,并在产品事实表导入时使用工厂邮编代理键。修改后的regular_etl_daily_production.sql脚本如下所示。
-- 设置环境与时间窗口
!run /root/set_time.sql

-- 工厂信息很少修改,一般不需要保留历史,所以使用SCD1
drop table if exists tmp;
create table tmp as 
select a.factory_sk,
       a.factory_code,
       b.factory_name,
       b.factory_street_address,
       a.version,
       a.effective_date,
       a.expiry_date
  from factory_dim a,rds.factory_master b
 where a.factory_code = b.factory_code and 
     !(a.factory_name <=> b.factory_name 
   and a.factory_street_address <=> b.factory_street_address
   );

delete from factory_dim where factory_dim.factory_sk in (select factory_sk from tmp);
insert into factory_dim select * from tmp;

-- 添加新的工厂信息
INSERT INTO factory_dim    
SELECT    
    ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY t1.factory_code) + t2.sk_max,    
    t1.factory_code,    
    t1.factory_name,    
    t1.factory_street_address,    
    1,    
    ${hivevar:pre_date},    
    ${hivevar:max_date}    
FROM      
(      
SELECT t1.* FROM rds.factory_master t1 LEFT JOIN factory_dim t2 ON t1.factory_code = t2.factory_code      
 WHERE t2.factory_sk IS NULL) t1      
CROSS JOIN      
(SELECT COALESCE(MAX(factory_sk),0) sk_max FROM factory_dim) t2; 

-- 装载每日产品事实表
INSERT INTO production_fact  
SELECT  
  b.product_sk  
, c.date_sk  
, d.factory_sk  
, e.factory_zip_code_sk
, production_quantity  
FROM  
  rds.daily_production a  
, product_dim b  
, date_dim c  
, factory_dim d
, factory_zip_code_dim e
, rds.factory_master f 
WHERE  
    production_date = ${hivevar:pre_date} 
AND a.product_code = b.product_code  
AND a.production_date >= b.effective_date  
AND a.production_date <= b.expiry_date
AND a.factory_code = f.factory_code  
AND f.factory_zip_code = e.factory_zip_code  
AND a.production_date >= e.effective_date  
AND a.production_date < e.expiry_date   
AND a.production_date = c.date  
AND a.factory_code = d.factory_code ;
5. 测试修改后的产品定期装载
        添加一个新的工厂信息。
insert into source.factory_master
values (5,'Fifth Factory','90909 McNicholds Blvd.',17055,'Pittsburgh','PA');
commit;
        向daily_production表里添加三个日常产品记录。
INSERT INTO source.daily_production VALUES
  (1, '2016-08-08', 3, 400 )
, (3, '2016-08-08', 4, 200 )
, (5, '2016-08-08', 5, 100 );
commit;
        修改时间窗口。
INSERT OVERWRITE TABLE rds.cdc_time SELECT '2016-08-08', '2016-08-08' FROM rds.cdc_time;
        执行产品定期装载。
./regular_etl_daily_production.sh
        查询factory_dim,确认导入是正确的。
select factory_sk,
       factory_code,
       factory_name,
       factory_street_address,
       version,
       effective_date,
       expiry_date	   
  from dw.factory_dim;
        查询结果如下图所示。

        查询production_fact表确认三个新的日常产品被正确装载。
use dw;
select e.product_code pc,
       b.date,
       c.factory_code fc,
       d.factory_zip_code fzc,
       a.production_quantity qty
  from production_fact a,
       date_dim b,
       factory_dim c,
       factory_zip_code_dim d,
       product_dim e
 where a.product_sk = e.product_sk
   and a.production_date_sk = b.date_sk
   and a.factory_sk = c.factory_sk
   and a.factory_zip_code_sk = d.factory_zip_code_sk;

        查询结果如下图所示。


文章最后发布于: 2016-08-09 18:21:48
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